The Bosques de Paz Biosphere Reserve includes seasonally dry forests that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The transboundary reserve was formed by the joining of two existing biosphere reserves in Ecuador and Peru.
Located in southwestern Ecuador and northeastern Peru, the Bosques de Paz Biosphere Reserve covers a total area of 1,616,988 ha (or just under 4 million acres). It includes areas of the western foothills of the Andes, with altitudes up to 3,080 m (10,100 ft), which has resulted in a unique biological diversity with a high degree of endemism.
The reserve includes seasonally dry forests of Ecuador and Peru that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. This region is home to 59 endemic bird species, 14 of which are endangered. There are about 617,000 inhabitants with the most important activities being livestock and tourism.
Following the Peace Agreement between Peru and Ecuador in 1998, both countries have been strengthening their fraternal ties, trust and cooperation in diverse areas. This transboundary biosphere reserve stems from these efforts.